The state-of-the-art production factory was originally built to produce combines for the North American market. The first unit came off the production line at the Grand Island plant on 22 Novemver 1965, a mere five months after construction began. The plant manufactures two case IH combine harvester model families at the site: the Axial-Flow 140 series and the Axial-Flow 240 series. Since opening, the facility has tripled in size from 30, 100 sq. metres to 91,044 sq. metres with approximately 35% of its production exported to 40 countries around the world. The Grand Island facility operates as one of CNH Industrial's state-of-the-art Centers of Excellence, hosting current product design, manufacturing, and testing all in one location. Several business units make up the manufacturing area of the Grand Island plant, including fabrication, welding, paint and assembly. Each area uses modern technology to aid in their process, including an automotive grade e-coat paint system, laser cells, robotic welders and wireless testing systems.